A traumatic brain injury results in sudden damage to the brain that’s been caused by a jolt or severe blow to the head. TBIs can range from mild concussions to permanent damage and are accompanied by a variety of side effects. In the most severe cases, patients can go into a coma as the brain tries to health itself from the damage. Patients may also experience physical changes, changes in their mood and difficulty with their cognitive thinking.
Blows to the head can be delivered during vehicular crashes, sports events, or assaults, and in some cases can cause fractures in the skull. When the brain crashes into the side or front of the skull, it immediately swells, bruises, or bleeds, leading to a disruption in the neuropathways.